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Mexico exports human trafficking victims

Saul Hernández| El Universal
10:20Tuesday 11 March 2014

EXPLOTADOS. The database developed by the University of Michigan, which has all the cases of human trafficking in the United States since 1980, there are about a thousand Mexican victims registered. (Photo: SPECIAL EL UNIVERSAL )

The US Justice has documented dozens of cases of sexual and labor exploitation in which victims are Mexican men, women and children

AT the end of 2002 , Luciano Salazar was arrested in the state of California, while attending the funeral of three women who he prostituted .

After he capture an investigation against him and his brothers Julio and Thomas for sexually exploited and trading over 100 Mexican girls and teenagers in San Diego County .

A year before Juan and Ramiro Ramos, two brothers were also arrested for providing farm laborers to citrus growers in Florida.

A federal court found them guilty of trafficking more than 100 undocumented Mexicans under threats and physical violence and forced them to work in agricultural fields as payment for introducing them to the U.S..

The trial of Ramos and Salazar brothers are part of dozens of cases of trafficking in persons, sexual and labor modality, which have taken place in the U.S., and where the victims are Mexican women, men and children.

All these cases are in the database Human Trafficking Database , a product of a study conducted by the School of Law, University of Michigan , which gathers information from all trials for human trafficking in the United States since 1980 .

The database contains information on 442 trials and 54 of them are Mexican victims . In other four victims were not Mexican , but were introduced to the United States through the border with Mexico . In total , 58 cases in which Mexico is a country of origin and transit for trafficking.

A family business

The database of the University of Michigan recorded 28 trials for the crime of trafficking for sexual exploitation involving more than 236 victims of Mexican origin, all women and girls.

Most were exploited in the states of California, Florida, Tennessee , Georgia and New Jersey. Many were lured by false promises of love , marriage and work.

In trials were identified 109 offenders. In many cases acted in family bands . Siblings , cousins ​​and other relatives we were involved in the business.

It is the case of Sosa Chain and Cortés Castro in Florida ; Reyes and Red Cortez Meza in Georgia; those González García , Calderón Jiménez and Notary in New Jersey , the Carreto Flowers in New York and the aforementioned Salazar Juarez, California.

In four trials Mexico appears as a transit country for foreign women . The most notable case is that of at least 200 women and Ukrainian girls who entered U.S. territory to Mexico . Our country also served as a passageway victims from Brazil, Honduras and South Korea .

labor submission

The best known form of trafficking is being committed for sexual exploitation, although not the only one. Another method is labor , which affects both men and women.

In the United States there have been 18 prosecutions for the exploitation of more than 252 Mexican migrants, most of them undocumented .

There are also eight other lawsuits involving more than 600 thousand victims of different nationalities , including nationals. Although the number of Mexicans is not specified, what is known is that at least 545 thousand were Latin Americans .

The most common activities were operating domestic service , agricultural activities and services in bars, restaurants and supermarkets . A case of begging is also recorded .

In the 26 cases registered 115 offenders , most individuals are counted. However, they also include companies such as Wal -Mart, Eller & Sons Trees, Vanderbilt Landscaping , Grant Family Farms and Ramco General Stores . States of the American Union more trafficked in this mode are Georgia , Florida , New York , New Jersey and South Carolina.

international Networks

Data provided to this newspaper by the International Organization for Migration ( IOM) reveal that many Mexican victims were taken to the U.S. for international trafficking networks .

Tlaxcala highlights New York and California Guerrero - networks for sexual exploitation , and the Veracruz and Coahuila -Texas - Missouri networks for labor exploitation .

Consistent with the data base of Michigan, most trafficked supported by IOM were located in large cities of northwestern United States and Mexico border states .

An important part of women and girls rescued originated in the center of the country , mainly in the states of Tlaxcala , Puebla , Veracruz , Oaxaca , Guerrero and the State of Mexico .

A study by the National Commission on Human Rights ( CNDH) and the Centre for Studies and Research in Development and Social Assistance ( CEIDAS ) indicates that Mexico is the second most trafficked persons sent to the United States surpassed only by Thailand, the leading paradise trafficking.

The database of the University of Michigan can be found on its website https://www.law.umich.edu/clinical/HuTrafficCases/Pages/searchdatabase.aspx .